The Gambia

The Gambia at close to 11 000 square kilometers in area, is one of the world’s smallest states with an estimated population of almost 1.5 million.

The Gambia is situated on the Atlantic coast of West Africa, midway between the Tropic of Cancer and the Equator. Evidence indicates that this part of West Africa has been inhabited since 2000 BC.

The Gambia is named after The River Gambia itself and has a profound effect on the development of the country, providing a trade route between the coast and the interior from earliest times. This navigable River Gambia has divided the country into two parts, leaving her with north and south banks. The northern and southern boundaries are never more than 15 miles from the river. Mangrove swamps line the river banks, while most of the remaining countryside is bush savanna with few coastal forests.

Exotic sounds and unspoiled beaches with a diverse habitat such as the coastal area sand pits, the river swamps, the rice and peanut fields, fallow farmlands, forest and savanna bushes, all support over 520 different species of birds. Dragonflies and butterflies have also become an amazing reward for The Gambia and are very possible to watch and are widespread in the summer and early winter times.